Anxiety : What is, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment

What is  Anxiety?

You’ve probably heard the word “anxiety” a lot, but what does it mean to actually feel it? Anxiety is a mental health problem that includes being constantly worried or showing a lot of fear. Everyone worries about things from time to time, but having anxiety means that your fears get in the way of your daily life in a big way.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says that 1 in 13 people around the world have an anxiety disorder. This makes anxiety disorders the most common mental health problem in the world. So, if you are going through one, know that you are most certainly not alone. Young people and women are more likely than men to have worry, which could be caused by a number of things. Even though women are twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with an anxiety condition, 7.2% of children ages 5 to 19 have one.

Signs of stress?

Symptoms of anxiety can be different depending on what’s wrong, but most anxiety problems have several or all of the following signs. People with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) most often have the following signs and symptoms.

Signs of illness:

  • feeling lightheaded or lost
  • feeling too hot or sweating
  • faster heartbeat
  • Fear strikes
  • problems with the stomach or intestines
  • rapid breathing or hyperventilation
  • gut pain or sickness
  • Pains on your body: Aspadol 100mg is the best medicine to try.
  • I’m weak and worn out.
  • Insomnia
  • changes in sex drive
  • Psychological signs:
  • feeling angry, worried, or tense
  • Sadness and sadness
  • feeling like something bad is going to happen or expecting the worst
  • thinking about problems all the time
  • needing approval from others
  • feeling like everyone’s eyes are on you
  • Derealization is a type of disassociation in which a person feels like they are not connected to reality.
  • Depersonalization is a type of disassociation in which a person feels like they are separate from themselves, as if they were looking at themselves from the outside.
  • What are the most common types of worry?
  • There are a lot of different kinds of anxiety illnesses, but this post will focus on four of the most common ones. We won’t go into as much detail here about OCD, PTSD, separation anxiety, and agoraphobia, which are also anxiety-related diseases. Visit Mind, a UK group that helps people with mental health issues, for help and more information about these diseases.

Generalized anxiety disorder:

People usually mean they have GAD when they say they have worry because it is the most common anxiety disorder. Most of the time, people with GAD worry and feel anxious even when they aren’t in a stressed situation. They often worry about the worst-case scenario and find it hard to control their bad feelings.

This anxiety hurts their daily lives because it makes them worry out of control, which makes it hard for them to focus on what they should be doing. Also, it can make it hard to get along with people, sleep, eat, and work. Most of the time, a person’s worries aren’t about just one thing, but about many things in their lives.

Anxiety in a group:

A sign of social anxiety disorder, also called social phobia, is a strong fear of being around other people and speaking in front of them. A person with social anxiety may worry that other people will make fun of them, attack them, or criticize them, even in situations that are often scary. If they have to hang out with strangers or are in a big group of people, they may feel very uncomfortable.

Some of the situations where social anxiety may show up most often are meeting new people, dating, making a speech in front of a crowd, starting a chat, and eating out in public. Even though some of these situations might not seem scary to someone who doesn’t have social anxiety, they could all be very bad for someone who does.

Panic disorder:

You’ve probably heard of panic attacks, but you might not know that panic disorder is a mental health problem that is marked by repeated, unexpected panic attacks. Every panic attack can be scary, which can make it hard to go about daily life.

A panic attack can come on quickly and cause shaking, heart beats, rapid breathing, and feeling lost. The victims feel paralyzed fear that makes them unable to move, and they sometimes worry that they will pass out or die. You don’t need to worry because a panic attack can’t kill you. Simply put, if you are really worried, you might feel like you are in danger.

Some signs that you might have panic disorder are avoiding behaviors or activities that could trigger a panic attack, worrying for a long time after a panic attack that it might happen again, and thinking that a panic attack is a sign of a medical condition, like heart disease.


People sometimes make fun of people who are afraid of anything, but phobias are a type of anxiety disorder that should be taken seriously. When you are really afraid of something, you will think that it is a lot worse than it really is.

Some people can have an intense fear or even a panic attack just by thinking about or seeing the thing they are afraid of on a screen. They don’t even have to be close to it. People with phobias often know that their worries aren’t real, but that doesn’t stop them from worrying.

Some of the most common fears are pteromerhanophobia (fear of flying), claustrophobia (aversion to small places), and entomophobia (aversion to insects).

What makes people worry?
There isn’t any clear reason to be worried. Instead, it is usually caused by a number of things that have to do with your nature, how you were raised, and events in your life. We’ll talk about the possible reasons of anxiety illnesses in more detail below.


Data shows that if someone close to you has an anxiety disorder, you are more likely to have one too. This could be the result of both nature and culture, but there is some proof that genes might be involved. A 2015 study on twins suggests that having the RBFOX1 gene may make a person more likely to get GAD. A different study from 2016 showed that GAD, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder might be related genetically.

Our genes can also affect the way our brain chemistry works, which is another scientific reason for worry. Several experts think that chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and GABA, are out of balance, which can lead to anxiety.

This neurotransmitter has a big effect on mood, but worry and sadness have been linked to low serotonin levels. Low amounts of dopamine may make you feel less anxious in the same way that it makes you feel more energetic. However, too much dopamine can make you feel nervous.

Since this hormone is released when the body is stressed as part of the “fight or flight” reaction, norepinephrine levels can be troublesome. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) also calms the nerve system and keeps the brain from being overstimulated. Low amounts of GABA may cause nervousness, according to a study from 2003.

Traumas and bad events in childhood:

As with most mental health problems, anxiety illnesses can be caused by stressful events or bad situations in childhood. In some cases, this can be caused by a single event, like the death of a loved one, a violent crime, or seeing something horrible. Anxiety can also be caused by bad things that happen over and over again, like bullying or being physically or emotionally abused.

In these scenarios, worry often happens because your brain and body have developed ways to deal with bad things that have happened in the past. When bad things keep happening over and over, the brain might start to expect something bad to happen. As a result of this assumption, anxiety and fear may continue.

It’s important to remember that a stressful event isn’t necessary for worry to happen. Many people with anxiety can’t figure out where their worries are coming from, so you shouldn’t think you’re overreacting to your feelings if you can’t.

How things are right now:

Stressful things that happen every day could also lead to worry. Even though these things may not seem to cause worry, they may still be bad for mental health. Money problems, relationship problems, stress at work, taking care of a loved one, or getting fired are all things that might be making you worried right now.

There is now a global outbreak, and COVID-19 has made a lot of people, especially young people, very anxious. Check out our course on worry in Children and Young People at COVID-19 to learn how you can help kids and teens who are currently dealing with worry. Also, if you find it hard to balance your work and personal life while working from home, you can sign up for our course on the effects of online work.

Illness or damage to the body is a big cause of mental health problems like worry. Managing a physical condition can be very stressful when you think about the pain, the cost, and the fact that it gets harder and harder to do everyday things. Try the Integrated Care: Depression, Anxiety, and Physical sickness study at King’s College London to learn more about how mental and physical sickness are related.

Drugs, alcohol, and medicines:

There is sometimes a link between addiction or drunkenness and anxiety, because a certain drug or too much booze can sometimes cause or bring on anxiety. Also, some drugs used to treat physical or mental illnesses can cause worry as a side effect. Listed below are a few of these drugs:


Medication for Parkinson’s disease
Coffee and corticosteroids are used in medicine.
drug seizures
Thyroid medicines
drugs for ADD
Medication You Breathe In


How can I deal with my worries?

You can use the ideas below to help you deal with your worried feelings. These methods won’t replace professional help, but they may help you feel better when you need it.

training in breathing and being aware of the present moment. You can calm yourself down in a number of ways, and our mindfulness classes will teach you some of the best ones.

such as friends, family, or things to do to pass the time. Sometimes all we need to feel better is to be with someone we care about or to do something that takes our minds off of bad things.

using self-care techniques. Taking a bath, burning candles, playing soothing music, and meditating are some of our favorite ways to rest.

Exercising. Even though it’s probably the last thing on your thoughts, exercise releases endorphins and reduces stress. Learn more about how exercise can help you feel better by taking the online Exercise Prescription course from Trinity College Dublin.

keeping a book. You can write down how you feel, talk about your worries, and figure out if your worries are reasonable. Writing down your thoughts can be very helpful at times.

early to get a night’s sleep. The University of Michigan’s Sleep Deprivation: Habits, Solutions, and Strategies Teach-Out course can help you improve your own sleep, which is an important part of keeping your mind healthy.

eating healthy, well-balanced meals. Since food is what keeps our bodies alive, it may have a big effect on how we feel mentally. Take a diet lesson to find out how food might help you feel better mentally.

not drinking coffee, drugs, or alcohol. All of these things can be bad for your health and well-being, so it might be best to give up one of them. Even though coffee might not seem bad, it can make someone with anxiety feel antsy and nervous.

taking an online course on worry. If you want to learn more about anxiety, you can try one of our great anxiety classes or suggest one to a friend or family member who has anxiety.

What are some ways to deal with anxiety?

Many people go to therapy every day for worry, which has many good ways to treat it. The same thing won’t work for everyone, and most people need more than one treatment to get rid of their symptoms. Below, we’ll talk about some options to therapy and medicine, which are the two most common ways to treat worry. Keep in mind that this list of examples is not complete.

Treatments for anxiety:

CBT stands for “cognitive and behavioral therapy.” It is one of the best kinds of talk therapy, and it is often used to help people who are sad or anxious. It tries to find and stop your bad thought habits so that you can change the way you think and act. Try the Understanding worry, Depression, and CBT course at the University of Reading to learn more about how CBT is used to help worry.
Using methods to calm down. This may be a good way to treat the physical signs of worry, and panic disorder may benefit the most. To help the body calm down, it’s important to know what situations might cause fear and how to use muscle calming techniques.

Some anti-anxiety drugs are:

It’s important to know right away that drugs doesn’t work for everyone, and in some cases, it could make anxiety problems worse. You should talk to your doctor and stop taking it if it makes you feel worse. It should only be used if nothing else works. Remember that a doctor or therapist is the only one who can tell if you need to take medicine.

Here are some of the most commonly used drugs for anxiety:

Benzodiazepines (tranquillisers) (tranquillisers). Xanax and Valium are two popular benzodiazepines that are often recommended for short-term use. These drugs help quickly with anxiety and panic attacks, but they are very powerful. They help shut down the nervous system, which makes people feel less anxious, but they often have unwanted side effects. Some of them are feeling sleepy and fuzzy.
Antidepressants. On the other hand, it is usually safe to take antidepressants for a long time. Antidepressants are not a quick fix because it can take up to eight weeks for them to start working, but the risk of becoming dependent on or abusing them is lower than with drugs. They also have bad side effects that make it hard for some people to do anything. Antidepressants like Prozac and Paxil are well-known examples.
Beta-blockers. Beta-blockers are mild sedatives that work more slowly than benzodiazepines and don’t hurt your memory or balance as much. They don’t make you sleepy like drugs like Xanax, and it takes about two weeks for them to start working. The most common beta-blocker is the relatively new drug buspirone, which is sold under the brand name BuSpar. This drug lowers anxiousness by increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain and lowering the amount of dopamine.
One last thought:

We hope this piece has helped you learn more about anxiety disorders so that you can help yourself or someone else who may be having trouble. Understanding your mental health is an important part of being able to look out for yourself.

If you want to learn more about worry and mental health, you can sign up for one of our many psychology and mental health classes. If you think you might have a worry problem, don’t be afraid to talk to a professional. Even more than usual, we need to put our own health first.

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