What it Means to Go For Company Incorporation in India

What it means to go for company incorporation in India

Company incorporation is the process by which you form a company. A company is a business structure that enjoys a separate entity from its owners. In India, it is a legal requirement for businesses to register their company with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) under the Companies Act, 2013. Company incorporation in India can be a complex process, but it is an essential step for entrepreneurs who want to establish a formal business and enjoy the benefits of a separate legal entity.

Here are some of the key things you need to know about company incorporation in India:

Types of Companies

India recognizes several types of companies, including private limited companies, public limited companies, limited liability partnerships (LLPs), and one-person companies (OPCs). Each type of company has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the type you choose will depend on the nature of your business and your goals.

Private Limited Companies: 

Private limited companies are the most common type of company in India. Companies generally are owned by a group of people and enjoy limited liability. Limited liability means that the owners are only liable for the amount they have invested in the company. Private limited companies need to have a minimum of two directors and two shareholders, and they cannot have more than 200 shareholders.

Public Limited Companies: 

Public limited companies are similar to private limited companies, but they can offer shares to the public and have more than 200 shareholders. They need to have a minimum of three directors and seven shareholders, and they are subject to more extensive regulations and compliance requirements than private limited companies.

One-Person Companies:

One-person companies (OPCs) are a relatively new type of company in India, introduced in 2013. This business structure is for entrepreneurs who want to start a company without a co-founder or partner. OPCs have limited liability, and the owner is the sole director and shareholder.

Benefits of Company Incorporation in India

Company incorporation in India offers several benefits to entrepreneurs, including:

Limited Liability:

One of the biggest advantages of company incorporation is limited liability. The owners of the company are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the company. This means even if someone takes legal action against the company or the company fails, the owner’s personal assets stay safe.

Separate Legal Entity: 

A company is a separate legal entity from its owners. Because of this companies can own property, enter into contracts, and they sue people. It also gives the company a professional image and can help to build trust with customers, suppliers, and investors.

Access to Funding: 

Companies have access to a wider range of funding options than sole proprietorships or partnerships. They can raise capital by issuing shares, taking on debt, or attracting investors. This can help the company to grow and expand its operations.

Tax Benefits: 

Companies are eligible for several tax benefits, including deductions for business expenses and lower tax rates for small businesses. They are also subject to a lower tax rate than individuals on their profits.

Steps for Company Incorporation

The process of company incorporation in India involves several steps, including obtaining a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), obtaining a Director Identification Number (DIN), reserving a unique name for the company, drafting the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA), and filing the incorporation documents with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).

Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): 

The first step in the process of company incorporation is to obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). A DSC is an electronic certificate that verifies the identity of the person signing the documents. All directors need to have it.

Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN): 

The next step is to obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN). A DIN is a unique identification number that is assigned to every director of a company. It is required for all directors and shareholders of the company.

Reserve a Unique Name for the Company: 

Once you have obtained a DSC and DIN, you can start the process of reserving a unique name for your company. The name must be unique, and it should not be too similar to the names of existing companies. You can check the availability of names on the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) website.

File the Incorporation Documents with the Registrar of Companies (ROC): 

Once the MOA and AOA have been drafted and signed, you can file the incorporation documents with the Registrar of Companies (ROC). The documents include the MOA, AOA, a declaration from the directors and shareholders, and other required forms and documents.

Draft the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA): 

The Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) are the documents that define the scope and objectives of the company, as well as its internal rules and regulations. You must draft it in accordance with the Companies Act, 2013. All the directors and shareholders of the company need to sign it.


Company incorporation is a crucial step for entrepreneurs who want to establish a formal business in India. It offers several benefits, including limited liability, access to funding, and tax benefits. The process of company incorporation can be complex, but it is essential to ensure that your business is recognized as a separate legal entity and can operate in compliance with Indian laws and regulations.